regarding history or distribution. Essay on Wheat Essay # 1. The following table indicates production of wheat in various countries: Production of wheat (in million metric tons): Country Production year 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 China 109.30 113.00 113.00 India 75.81 78.60 77.50 USA 55.82 68.03 55.14 Russia 49.40 63.70 58.00 France 32.76 39.04 36.64 […] The many species of wheat together make up the genus Triticum; the most widely grown is common wheat (T. aestivum).The archaeological record suggests that wheat was first cultivated in the regions of the Fertile Crescent around 9600 BCE. Achievements. ADVERTISEMENTS: Production and Distribution of Wheat around the World! Breeding Centres 8. Bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is one of the most important crop species, responsible for the emergence and development of agriculture and has fed, and continues to feed, a large part of the world’s population across many centuries [97, 106].Wheat has been improved by man over the last 8000 to 10,000 years ago when the species first arose. Wheat, any of several species of cereal grasses of the genus Triticum and their edible grains. Knowledge of T. aestivum’s cultivation origin has been lost. A very likely place of origin is the area known in early historical … Wheat is a grass widely cultivated for its seed, a cereal grain which is a worldwide staple food. Wheat Entry prepared by Valerie Valant ’10 in College Seminar 253 Food for Thought: The Science, Culture, & Politics of Food Spring 2008 Contents: 1) General Information 2) Nutritional Aspects 3) Cultivation 4) Origin and Geographic Distribution 5) History of Cultivation and Distribution 6) Sources Photo 1: Golden Wheat Source: Dudua 2006 Large genetic variability is observed in Iran, Isreal, and Bordering countires. Confusion in names is fre- quent in the United States, where the number of varieties is very large. Tegri- Euphatis drainage basin. Abstract. In this essay we will discuss about:- 1. The centre of origin is South Asia. There is no complicated branching structure like the one observed in bread or compact wheats. Distribution of Wheat 2. Wheat can be crossed with Aegilops and Agropyron species successfully. This confusion occurs in two principal ways: (1) The same name is applied to distinctly dif- Wheat's beginnings can be traced to a clan of wild grasses called Triticeae, the seeds of which had a flavor that was pleasing to primitive people.Triticeae included wheat, barley, rye, their wild relatives, and a number of important wild grasses. Learn more about wheat in this article. Distribution Origin of Wheat: Origin: Wheat is evolved from wild grasses. Wheat varieties are most generally designated by names, which are established through publication and usage. Cultivated Species of Wheat 3. Virtually different is the differentiation pattern of the second most important wheat species in terms of distribution, T. durum (Box 3). Breeding Objectives 6. Breeding Procedures 7. The origin and evolution of the wheat group (the genera Aegilops, Amblyopyrum, and Triticum) in the wild and under cultivation is reviewed.The diploid species diverged from a common ancestor, about 2–4 million years ago, presumably in the marginal Mediterranean region of Southwest Asia. Einkorn was among the first cereals that were cultivated, following its wide distribution around Transcaucasia, the Middle East, south-western Europe, the Balkans and the Mediterranean areas. Wheat is one of the oldest and most important of the cereal crops. The precise origin of the wheat plant as we know it today is not known. This wheat species is, after T. aestivum, the species with the widest range of geographic distribution (Box 3). It is used to make bread, pasta, cake, crackers, cookies, pastries, flour, and many other foodstuffs. It survives and thrives on soils where most other forms of wheat do not flourish. Origin and Evolution 4. The Natural History of Wheat. 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